However the flowers produce more nectar than any other native European species making it more attractive to bees and other insects, luring them away from pollinating our native flowers. Chemical control Users must be aware of the risks involved when using chemicals to control any plant especially as it tends to grows near water. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is an invasive terrestrial plant species that was first introduced as an ornamental garden plant and is spread exclusively by seed.Since it was introduced, it has spread to most parts of Ireland. The Himalayan balsam is a tall, annual, late-blooming plant. Himalayan Balsam also causes a less obvious problem for native species. Himalayan balsam flowers may be white, light pink, dark pink, purple, or multicoloured. Himalayan balsam monoculture on the river Camel, Cornwall, UK. Himalayan balsam is an alien invasive plant introduced to Ireland in the mid 19th Century mainly by Victorian gardeners. - Requires proper site access. The large white, pink, or purple flowers resemble a giant snapdragon with a large upper and lower ‘lip’. Above Left to right, before 29th May 2014 Balsam Present and After Strimming 31st May 2014. PDF. Leaf: Finely serrated slender to elliptical leaves, often with a reddish mid-rib. Rural Priorities. Where is it originally from? 3rd Picture 8th May 2015, 1 year on, native growth returns. A clump of plants with flowers of different colours is a lovely sight. Origins. Balsam Blog 1 Hi my name is Thomas and I wish to share experiences on dealing with the control of Himalayan Balsam. Over four work days, 26 SNPA staff and Snowdonia Society volunteers assisted to clear the Himalayan Balsam from a 1.86 hectare area, through picking, strimming and spraying herbicide. Himalayan balsam is a plant native to the Himalayas and was introduced to Britain by Victorian plant hunters. Targeted eradication and control of the five invasive non-native species in certain areas of the country. List of Options. It spreads through local seed dispersal. According to Section 14 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981, it is an offense in England and Wales to allow Himalayan Balsam … Commonly found along riverbanks and streams, around ponds and lakes, and in ditches and damp meadows. It’s seen as a troublesome invader in many countries as it’s claimed to outcompete native plants and lure pollinators away from them. Contract Ecology Ltd is a conservation led contractor and we appreciate that there will be sites and clients with an objective to avoid chemical treatment wherever possible. Balsaminaceae (balsam) Also known as. The flowers range from fuchsia to pale pink in colour and tend to appear between June and October, followed by seed pods that explode dispersing the seeds from late July to October. Each plant can produce up to 800 seeds per year. Control of invasive non-native species - Himalayan balsam. These were strimming, and spraying the plants with herbicide. SNPA staff and some of the volunteers. Volunteer groups are always after new recruits to help the fight. Impatiens glandulifera. Conservation-minded organisations including the Environment Agency are often involved in removing it. It’s important to time your Himalayan balsam control so you don’t inadvertently spread more seeds. Himalayan balsam was introduced as a garden plant in 1839, but soon escaped and became widely naturalised along riverbanks and ditches, especially close to towns. The first record of it being planted in gardens is 1839. - Stems are soft and can be cut with ease. Himalayan balsam (HB) (Impatiens glandulifera) is another highly invasive plant which has very successfully managed to spread from gardens into the wild across the UK. It is the tallest annual plant (completes its life cycle in one year) in Ireland growing up to 3m high. It has a very effective mechanism for spreading its seed; its seed pods pop in sunny weather or when touched, spreading the seeds by up to 7m. If you need a more accessible version of this document please email digital@gov.wales. Himalayan Balsam - Impatiens glandulifera Edible plant with caution - novice Other common names: Indian Balsam, Nuns, Jumping Jacks, Bobby Tops, Copper Tops, Gnome’s Hatstand, Jewelweed, Ornamental Jewelweed, Policeman’s Helmet, Kiss-me-on-the-Mountain Scientific name meaning: Impatiens originates from Latin and means "impatient". What will this achieve. Volunteers have an important role. How volunteers can help. The flower has five petals, one of which forms a hood over the flower. - A repeat cut can be used to tackle regrowth. Himalayan balsam Himalayan Balsam control along the River Seph. Farming, Forestry and Rural Issues. In this instance, we recommended Himalayan balsam control using mowing and strimming. Seeds can be transported by water which helps this weed to spread quickly along waterways. Strimming and trimming for cosmetic effect is not recommended. It forms dense stands in favorable environs, mostly riverbanks. I am a contractor for the Countryside Council for Wales the Environment Agency Wales and the Forestry Commission Wales in a joint project to eradicate Himalayan Balsam … Habitat. Control of Himalayan Balsam should ideally happen when the plants have grown to a good height, but have not yet flowered. However, despite the plant being valued for these reasons, Himalayan Balsam is actually one of the most problematic weed plants that we have in the UK. Himalayan Balsam identification . My research has been assessing the success of each method, and comparing their cost effectiveness. It has a hollow stem and can grow up to two metres tall. Consent to use specific herbicides near UK waterways must be sought from the Environment Agency. Description. ... Strimming - Great for quickly removing large established populations. Himalayan balsam -seed dispersal . It is fast-growing and spreads quickly, invading wet habitat at the expense of other, native flowers. Himalayan balsam is Britain’s tallest annual plant with each plant tending to be around 1-2 metres high, although they can reach a height of 2.5 metres in some cases! Local names include Nuns and Jumping Jack, as well as Policeman's Helmet, Bobby Tops and Gnome's Hatstand which refer to the fact that the flower is decidedly hat-shaped. Himalayan balsam is found across Wales most commonly along waterways and in damp places. Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is known to many people as an attractive plant with a familiar sweet scent, and a reputation for being a good nectar source for bees. Himalayan Balsam is a distinctive plant with reddish jointed stems and long, green, oval-shaped leaves. Some of those claims are critically reviewed in the chapter. Himalayan balsam: controlling it on your land, file type: PDF, file size: 3 MB . However, given their common habitat near waterways, the seeds are also spread by water especially when land … Group Members and friends attend the balsam bash day, which resulted in a large area being cleared, the groups plan is now to return periodically to pull out any stragglers. strimming Himalayan Balsam on the slopes of the Beaminster Tunnel. Small infestations of Himalayan balsam can be controlled by hand-pulling the whole plant, including roots, in April and any new growth in September; or by regular grazing, strimming or the application of herbicides. 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